Nursing a Newborn Puppy

Newborn Puppy Care
July 28, 2015 – 03:38 pm

Nena-Cisco Newborn Puppies Midnight Run Vizslas - News Results - Michigan Vizsla Breeder

During the first few weeks of life, a puppy’s primary activities are feeding, keeping warm and developing social skills. In most cases, humans will simply watch the mother dog provide all necessary care for her puppies. However, if the puppy in your care has been separated from his mother, or if the mother dog has rejected her young or cannot produce enough milk, caring for the pup is up to you.

How Do I Feed a Newborn Puppy? A mother dog’s milk provides everything the pups need during their first four weeks of life. If you are caring for an orphan or the mother is out of the picture, consult with a veterinarian for guidance on the proper way to bottle-feed newborns, as it is easy to cause harm by doing it incorrectly. The babies will need to be fed a commercial canine milk replacer. Be sure to use one specifically formulated for puppies, as cow’s milk and other milk replacer can cause diarrhea.

Puppies will need bottle or syringe feeding every few hours for several weeks.

How Often Should a Puppy Eat?
Puppies generally nurse at least every two hours in their first week of life. As they develop and grow, the intervals between feedings increase. At around four weeks of age, puppies can begin to transition from nursing to eating solid food. When making the transition to solid food, a high-quality dry puppy kibble can be soaked with warm water and milk replacer and blended to the consistency of gruel. This can be made available several times a day. Gradually, the amount of milk replacer can be decreased until the puppies are eating dry kibble by about 7 to 8 weeks of age. Consult your veterinarian for the exact amount to feed and for help creating a long-term feeding schedule suited to the puppies’ development needs.

How Much Should a Newborn Puppy Weigh?
The average birth weight for puppies depends on breed. During the first weeks of life, a pup’s body weight may double or even triple. Gaining 10 to 15% of birth weight daily is considered healthy. Pups who don’t gain adequate weight during this early period may not survive.

Should I Hold the Puppy?
Puppies should not be overhandled during their first two weeks of life, and care should always be taken not to upset the mother dog when handling. If you are hand-raising pups, handle them only as much as is necessary to keep them warm, clean and fed for the first two weeks of life.

Make sure they are staying warm at this tender age—a well-monitored heating pad or warm water bottle wrapped in a towel will do the trick. Starting at three weeks of age, try to gently handle the puppies in short sessions a few times every day—this is around the time their vision and hearing are kicking in and their teeth are beginning to develop and is considered an important time for socialization. Please take care not to allow children to do any handling without adult supervision, and not until the puppies are at least three weeks of age.

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Source: www.aspca.org
Interesting facts
Clark's Rule is a medical term referring to a mathematical formula used to calculate the proper dosage of medicine for children aged 2-17. The procedure is to take the child's weight in pounds, divide by 150 lb, and multiply the fractional result by the adult dose to find the equivalent child dosage.
For example: If an adult dose of medication...
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Popular Q&A
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How often should a newborn puppy nurse on mom? | Yahoo Answers

A Mom should only be separated from a newborn puppy to relieve herself and is even fed in very close proximity. A newborn puppy cannot regulate it's body temperature so it depends on Mom for both warmth, nutrition and assistance in defecation/urination. They should nurse frequently, alternating with short naps.

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What should you do if the mom stops nursing her newborn puppies?

You should talk to your veterinarian shortly and try to figure out the reason - does she have mastitis (inflammation of her mammary gland)?  Is there skin irritation?  Is the mother rejecting the puppies?
 
If the mother won't let the puppies nurse, you will need to bottle feed them puppy milk replacer - your veterinarian can help you figure out a schedule and a regimen for this.
 
If there is a medical reason for the mother to not nurse the puppies, this can be addressed and hopefully she will let the puppies nurse again shortly.  If you can't find a medical reason, I would suggest…

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Is it normal for another dog in the household to try to nurse newborn puppies? | Yahoo Answers

Yes, I have a little mutt that tries to steal the babies from other moms. she will try to nurse them each time mom leaves the nest to eat or pee...the pups all grow up calling her Auntie!
She is spayed, and has never even had a litter..but still wants to foster all puppies, until they get bigger then her..then she doesn't want anything to do with them...the sad thing is, they still love her!

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