Nursing 3 Antibiotics Practice Test

Urine testing | Practice
November 12, 2014 – 04:52 pm

Prevention of Perinatal Group Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease

Many Wells, MSc, RN, RM, Dip N (Lond), nurse consultant for Integrated Bladder and Bowel Care, Devon PCT.

What is it?

Urinalysis is an extremely valuable tool for diagnosis and screening. It is cheap and simple to perform and can indicate a variety of disorders and diseases (Wells, 1997).

How does it work?

Immersing the Reagent Test Strips into fresh urine allows chemical reaction to occur between the two elements and provides of means of diagnosing numerous potential ailments and illnesses.

A urine culture is indicated in the following circumstances:

  • In the presence of diabetes or pregnancy;
  • When there is doubt about the diagnosis;
  • When there is a patient history of urinary infection within the past three weeks and where there may be a relapse from the previous urinary infections and/or an antibiotic resistance;
  • When there is a history of recent urinary tract instrumentation.

What is it used for?

Reagent Test Strips can be used to detect the following:

Glucose: Glycosuria is often indicative, but never diagnostic, of diabetes mellitus. Glycosuria in a person known to have diabetes can indicate poorly controlled diabetes.

Protein: Finding protein in hypertensive patients suggests renal disease. A similar principle applies in diabetes. Proteinuria can be detected before other symptoms of the condition arise.

Blood: The presence of blood (both macroscopic and microscopic haematuria) is a potentially serious sign (Lloyd, 1993), especially when there are no other symptoms, such as pain present. Haematuria is also found in the presence of a urinary tract infection and disappears with resolution of the infection. However urinalysis dipsticks are extremely sensitive to blood and may therefore give a false positive result (Jou and Powers, 1998).

See also:

Interesting facts
Medical Trust Hospital is a "super speciality" hospital located at Kochi in Kerala, India.
Medical Trust Hospital, a 700-bed multi-specialty acute-cum-critical care referral hospital, is one of the hospitals in South India.
Founded by Dr. P. A. Verghese in 1973.
The hospital runs training in Nursing, Physiotherapy, Paramedical Sciences and...
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